Treaty Helps People with Visual Disabilities

Illustration: Treaty
October 9, 2018

The Marrakesh Treaty Implementation Act Became U.S. Law October 9, 2018.

Treaty Allows for Copyright Exceptions

The Marrakesh Treaty allows for modest copyright exceptions to facilitate the creation of accessible versions of books and other copyrighted works for people with visually disabilities. As the American Library Association states, the treaty:

provides a copyright exception for "authorized entities"-including libraries-to make materials available across borders to people with print disabilities whose countries have already ratified the treaty.


  • June 27, 2013: The Marrakesh Treaty is adopted in Marrakesh. It forms part of the body of international copyright treaties administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
  • June 28, 2018: U.S. Senate gives advice and consent to ratify the treaty and passed the implementing legislation.
  • September 25, 2018: U.S. House of Representatives passes the treaty.
  • October 9, 2018: Treaty becomes U.S. law.

Related References